Click above for what became the consented plan, plus Transport page.


The Guardian: "Britain's growing debt problem demands a fresh set of eyes"

Enter PIN for web site

"When it was first created in 2010, the Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) adopted the Treasury view that austerity would have very little impact on potential for economic growth. It predicted a surge in business investment and jobs as if the economy was about to bounce back from a medium-sized recession and not the worst financial crash in a century.

"For several years, its reports repeated the same nonsense that wages would soar and annual inflation return to the Bank of England target of 2%, without any regard for what was obvious from just looking around. In this respect it followed the Treasury, many of the economists in the largest City banks and most importantly, the Bank of England.

"... Unfortunately, a large minority of households, many of them living in the rented sector, are caught in a spiral of unsecured debt that has already sent the total for the UK above £200bn and according to the OBR, send it soaring further, until it reaches a new peak as a ratio of GDP as soon as 2020."


Hammerson's OTHER shopping centre in London is also in trouble

Woe is me!
Link to 'Inside Croydon'

"Progress on the biggest redevelopment in Croydon for half a century has been stalled since a Compulsory Purchase Order was agreed in 2015. A revised planning application from Westfield and partners Hammerson was supposed to have been submitted to Croydon Council nearly six months ago, with a view to demolition work of the existing Whitgift Centre beginning in early 2018.

"The Croydon Partnership website is still suggesting that the supermall, which was supposed to have been built and operational by 2017, will finally be ready for business in 2021. That’s now looking increasingly unlikely.

"There's mounting concerns over the slow progress, especially among the governors of the Whitgift Foundation, which owns the freehold of the steadily declining Whitgift Centre, and who depend on the commercial income from the shopping mall site to help meet the costs of running their alms houses and private schools. It was the Foundation which invited Westfield to Croydon in 2012, when the Whitgift Centre leasees had already engaged Hammerson to oversee a redevelopment of the site."

Brent & Kilburn Times (x2): Brent Cross ruins Dollis Hill, and Barnet Times (x3): "The West London Orbital Railway" (what goes around comes around)

The Brent Cross Railway: West London Alliance's "West London Orbital Railway" - the full monty 'GRIP1' report, and "What to put in the Mayor's Transport Strategy"


Evening Standard: "British business and what went horribly wrong"

Link to web site

"The British class structure, reinforced by the educational establishment, channelled the brightest people into the professions and the City rather than engineering and industrial management.

"Once inside the companies, the brightest were unlikely to be those who got their hands dirty.

"Production and operations were in large part run by people who started on the shop floor and received almost no training when promoted to management even though they were in charge of the one area on which the company’s life depended.

"The class divide meant that those who understood the job had no voice in strategy and those who decided strategy had no understanding of the job.

Then, into this unholy mix, was injected an unwarranted respect for accountants."


The 'Brent Cross Railway' morphs into the 'West London Orbital Railway'!

The 'turn south at Cricklewood' option

The 'turn north at Cricklewood' option

(Old Oak Common HS2 station is roughly
where the 'North London Line' wording is.)


The Guardian: "Silicon Valley siphons our data like oil. But the deepest drilling has just begun"

"Personal data is to the tech world what oil is to the fossil fuel industry. That’s why companies like Amazon and Facebook plan to dig deeper than we ever imagined"

Link to web site

"Imagine if your supermarket watched you as closely as Facebook or Google. It would know not only which items you bought, but how long you lingered in front of which products and your path through the store. This data holds valuable lessons about your personality and your preferences – lessons that Amazon will use to sell you more stuff, online and off.

"Supermarkets aren't the only places these ideas will be put into practice. Surveillance can transform any physical space into a data mine. And the most data-rich environment, the one that contains the densest concentration of insights into who you are, is your home.

"That's why Amazon has aggressively promoted the Echo, a small speaker that offers a Siri-like voice-activated assistant called Alexa. Alexa can tell you the weather, read you the news, make you a to-do list, and perform any number of other tasks. It is a very good listener. It faithfully records your interactions and transmits them back to Amazon for analysis. In fact, it may be recording not only your interactions, but absolutely everything."


[Reposted] The Brent Cross Railway, and cunning plans since then

Link to PDF file

From 2008:
"A massive expansion is planned for the Brent Cross area of north London, with high-density retail, housing and commercial developments that will create a new 'Town Centre' on both sides of the North Circular Road. [By 2013, reduced to essentially the 1996 shopping centre expansion plan.]

"According to the Development Framework document, there will be more than 29,000 additional vehicle journeys at Brent Cross per day. That will have a serious impact on an area where congestion can already be severe. As we start to tackle global warming, urgent discussion is vital to substantially reduce car use in massive developments like this.

"While addressing the need for much better public transport at Brent Cross, there is an opportunity for a rapid transit system to also serve large parts of Barnet, Brent, Ealing, and beyond. Therefore this document proposes a Brent Cross Railway, as an east-west rapid transit system from Brent Cross (Northern Line), via the expanded Brent Cross Shopping Centre and Town Centre, to Neasden (Jubilee Line) and Harlesden (Bakerloo Line and Euston-Watford Overground).

Possible extensions southwards are to North Acton (Central Line), and/or Park Royal (Central and Piccadilly Lines), and/or Acton Main Line (Crossrail). A major project! [At this time, Old Oak Common wasn't even a twinkle in anyone's eye.]

"It would rely on financial contributions from the twenty-year development of Brent Cross Town Centre, and provide local regeneration, connection between underground lines, and access to the proposed Brent Cross Thameslink station, and to trains to Heathrow. It would also contribute generally towards a shift towards public transport, since much of it parallels the North Circular Road." [But the Brent Cross developers and the London Borough of Barnet have never been interested.]

Link to:


[Reposted from Jun 2011] Light-rail across north London? (There's an election coming)

 (Click to enlarge the image, and usually again to magnify)

('Haringey Journal')

This also made the west London media:

Our view:

"Follow the Money"

Boris's development sites ought to be used, collectively, to help fund an east-west light-rail line, across outer north London.

Click above to enlarge
('Transport 2025' map)

Click above to enlarge,
and also link to the 'North London Strategic Alliiance'

A suggested 'DLR-type' system for north London (instead of on-road trams) is described here.

In the west, it could start at either Ealing Broadway, or the proposed HS2/Crossrail station at Old Oak Common.

In the east, it could be extended beyond Finchley, along the wide North Circular Road corridor, to New Southgate and Arnos Grove stations.


The Guardian: "Electric cars are not the answer to air pollution, says top UK adviser"

"Prof Frank Kelly says fewer not cleaner vehicles are needed, plus more cycling and walking and better transit systems"

Link to web site

"Cars must be driven out of cities to tackle the UK’s air pollution crisis, not just replaced with electric vehicles, according to the UK government’s top adviser.

"Prof Frank Kelly said that while electric vehicles emit no exhaust fumes, they still produce large amounts of tiny pollution particles from brake and tyre dust, for which the government already accepts there is no safe limit.

"Toxic air causes 40,000 early deaths a year in the UK, and the environment secretary, Michael Gove, recently announced that the sale of new diesel and petrol cars will be banned from 2040, with only electric vehicles available after that. But faced with rising anger from some motorists, the plan made the use of charges to deter dirty diesel cars from polluted areas a measure of last resort only.

"Kelly's intervention heightens the government’s dilemma between protecting public health and avoiding politically difficult charges or bans on urban motorists. 'The government’s plan does not go nearly far enough,' said Kelly, professor of environmental health at King’s College London and chair of the Committee on the Medical Effects of Air Pollutants, official expert advisers to the government. 'Our cities need fewer cars, not just cleaner cars'."


SpendMatters: "Is Barnet Council Capable of Managing Capita Contract? Auditors Not Sure …"

Link to web site

"Barnet is attempting to become a 'commissioning council', which means outsourcing pretty much everything it can. That is conceptually an interesting idea; it would leave the two key 'internal' activities for the Council as setting policy and managing contracts / suppliers. It’s not a new idea; I was involved in discussions along those lines in central government back in the 1990s. But it's absolutely clear that if such a model is going to work, you have to be good at procurement and contract management. The more activity, risk and delivery you put in the hands of third party suppliers, the more important it is that they are managed properly.

BDO [external auditors] agrees with this diagnosis in their report. However, and unfortunately, this does not seem to be actually happening in Barnet. BDO talks about contract management and monitoring like this:
"During the course of 2016/17 we have noted a number of internal audit reports which have raised significant findings in this area. In addition, further concerns have been identified through our own audit work. As such, we have recognised a significant risk to our use of resources [value for money] opinion."

'Champaign4Change' article on Barnet is here.

National Audit Office guidance is here.


[Reposted from Mar 2016] Barnet Planning: Corrupt Corporate Governance leading to 2010 Brent Cross Planning Consent

Link to 'Barnet Times',
including to a dozen comments!

"COUNCIL chiefs have been criticised for the way a private company can both draw up and approve planning applications.

"Regional Enterprise (Re) not only has the final say on building plans submitted to Barnet Council, but is also responsible for designing them.

"The firm's architects sit just yards away from colleagues who rubber-stamp the decisions.

"This means Re acts as the 'jury, judge and executioner'.

"The director of a planning firm, who refused to be named, said fears private companies trying to make it in an already flooded market will be unable to compete."

Barnet Eye:
"Planning in Barnet - The conflict of interest that is Capita in Barnet" (Link)

And earlier fall-out from Barnet's corrupt 2010 planning consent:

[Reposted from Apr 2016] CAPITA continues implementation of Barnet's 2010 CORRUPT BRENT CROSS PLANNING CONSENT

"Town Planner"

Brent Cross, 
North West London, 
£45000 - £55000 per annum + Benefits 
Gold Group Ltd.
Permanent [in a manner of speaking]
"Our client, a well-established company based in both Thameslink [sic] and Brent Cross are looking for a Town Planner to join their team.

"Brent cross are looking for 1x Town Planner 1x Town Planner [sic]
Thameslink are looking for 1x Town Planner

"This is a career-defining opportunity to contribute to one of Europe's largest and most dynamic regeneration programmes. We are looking for ambitious and experienced Town Planners to join our Brent Cross Planning Team and Thameslink Team Based in London as this exciting regeneration project reaches a key stage of delivery."
About the roles
The approved development will provide:
  • A new town centre comprising retail and leisure uses and a new office quarter with 4million square feet of office space.
  • 7,500 new homes and approximately 20,000 new jobs.
  • Double in size of the existing Brent Cross Shopping Centre including an enhanced replacement bus station.
  • A new Thameslink railway station and associated new public plazas and public realm.
  • Extensive changes to the highway, cycle and pedestrian network including a new pedestrian and cycle 'living bridge' over the A406.
  • New and refurbished public parks, including a new riverside park along a diverted section of the River Brent.
  • Expanded primary and secondary schools.
  • Replacement waste handling and rail freight facilities.
What you will do
  • Provide pre-application advice to developers, coordinating and processing planning applications, reserved matters applications, section 73 applications, section 96a applications, discharge of conditions and other relevant applications associated with the development.
  • Negotiating and securing Section 106 planning obligations and instruct, coordinate and lead on associated legal processes.
  • Providing planning input and giving evidence at Public Inquiry required for Compulsory Purchase Orders.
  • Carrying out a broad range of work to assist service delivery including coordinating the registration of new applications, review and appraise technical reports, plans and planning documents associated with planning submissions for the project.
  • Prepare accurate and timely officer delegated reports and committee reports for planning and other Council committees, and briefing papers to Councillors and members of the public.
What you will need
  • To be competent and confident to lead negotiations with developers and stakeholders, influence and shape development proposals, communicate clear advice and achieve effective outcomes.
  • Excellent knowledge and understanding of development management procedures, planning policy, and experience of investigating, analysing, recommending and presenting solutions to planning problems to make quality planning decisions.
  • Knowledge of urban design principles and ability to assess design proposals.
  • Broad knowledge and understanding of London or metropolitan/regional and local government planning issues, policy trends and development/legal processes.
What's in it for you?
  • As well as a generous basic salary we also give you up to 25 day's [sic] holiday, discretionary annual bonus, company pension scheme and access to voluntary benefit options including; child care vouchers, share ownership scheme, life assurance, holiday buy and many more designed to suit your own personal lifestyle.
  • There are strong career opportunities across the Capita group nationwide [Ah. So it's a Capita job! Good Grief.] and overseas, with a strategy of secondment and resource sharing to enable maximum opportunity for individuals.

"This advert was posted by Gold Group - one of the UK's leading niche recruitment consultancies. We span a variety of specialist industries and are the recruitment company to help you find your next career opportunity. We pride ourselves on our commitment to candidates and stick to our ethos of finding the right role for the right person. Visit our website or get in touch today to discuss this role, find out what else we've got or just for a chat about the state of your industry. Services advertised by Gold Group are those of an Agency and/or an Employment Business.

"Please be aware that we receive a high volume of applications for every role advertised and regularly receive applications from candidates who exceed the job credentials. We will only contact you within the next 14 days if you are selected for interview."
Contact: Lewis White
Reference: Totaljobs/931688
Job ID: 65163599

Evening Standard: "Earth Overshoot Day: Humans use up allowance of Earth’s natural resources for entire year"

Link to web site

"Humans have already used up the allowance of Earth’s natural resources for the entire year.

"In just seven months, humanity has exhausted the amount of water, soil, clean air and other resources that the planet can generate in 2017, meaning from now until December all the energy we use is unsustainable in the long-term.

"The day marks the point when the amount of energy and resources humanity is using exceeds the amount Earth can replace in that year.

"The extra waste we now produce cannot be absorbed and will cause harm, and we are using too many other natural resources - like eating fish, plant-based food and meat - too quickly.

"... Overfishing, overharvesting forests and pumping out more carbon dioxide than plants can take are all reasons which contribute to humanity’s massive and growing ecological footprint."


The Guardian: "The car has a chokehold on Britain. It’s time to free ourselves"

"Our insanely inefficient transport system is in thrall to the metal god. Electric vehicles are not the answer"

Link to web site

"We tell ourselves that we cherish efficiency. Yet we have created a transport system whose design principle is profligacy. Metal carriages (that increase in size every year), each carrying one or two people, travel in parallel to the same places. Lorries shifting identical goods in opposite directions pass each other on 2,000-mile journeys. Competing parcel companies ply the same routes, in largely empty vans. We could, perhaps, reduce our current vehicle movements by 90% with no loss of utility, and a major gain in our quality of life.

"But to contest this peculiar form of insanity is, as I know to my cost, to be widely declared insane. Look at how advertising is dominated by car companies, and you begin to understand the drive to ensure that this counter-ergonomic system persists. Look at the lobbying power of the motor industry and its support in the media, and you see why successive plans to address pollution seemed designed to fail.

"Suggest a neater system, and you will be shouted down by people insisting that they don’t want to live in a planned economy. But in this respect (and others) we do live in a planned economy. These days transport planners make a few concessions to cyclists, pedestrians and buses, but their overriding aim is still to maximise the flow of private vehicles. Rather than encouraging the more efficient use of existing infrastructure, they keep increasing the space into which inefficiency can expand."


The American Conservative: "Why Cities Are Demolishing Freeways"

Link to web site

"Late last month, the Congress for the New Urbanism (CNU) released its latest edition of 'Freeways Without Futures', a report on efforts to remove parts of underused highways in ten American cities. The study underscores the role locals are playing in the replacement movement and also outlines the many benefits of having fewer highways running through dense urban areas.

"The report contends that the cores of American cities have seen a massive hollowing out since the passing of the Federal-Aid Highway Act in 1956. “As highways were built through existing communities,” the report begins, 'residents were cut off from social and economic centers, key resources and services, and the nearby destinations of their daily lives.'

Today, many of those highways are reaching the end of their design life and cities are facing what CNU calls a 'watershed moment'. Instead of rebuilding and repairing old highways, the report suggests cities should replace them with infrastructure that is pedestrian friendly, density prone, and extremely profitable. 'Cities are waking up to a simple solution: remove instead of replace'."

The Guardian: "Revealed: the insidious creep of pseudo-public space in London"

Link to web site

"A Guardian Cities investigation has for the first time mapped the startling spread of pseudo-public spaces across the UK capital, revealing an almost complete lack of transparency over who owns the sites and how they are policed.

"Pseudo-public spaces – large squares, parks and thoroughfares that appear to be public but are actually owned and controlled by developers and their private backers – are on the rise in London and many other British cities, as local authorities argue they cannot afford to create or maintain such spaces themselves.

"Although they are seemingly accessible to members of the public and have the look and feel of public land, these sites – also known as privately owned public spaces or 'Pops' – are not subject to ordinary local authority bylaws but rather governed by restrictions drawn up the landowner and usually enforced by private security companies."


New York Times: "Deep in the Malls of Texas, a Vision of Shopping’s Future"

Link to web site

"Many malls across America have hit tough times, squeezed by changing demographics and competition from e-commerce, discount stores and newer malls with more diverse offerings. Morningstar Credit Ratings recently called the changes in the industry a 'seismic shift' and warned of more financial pain ahead. Hundreds of department stores, mall anchors for decades, are expected to shut their doors this year.

"Several shopping centers in Texas give a peek into how mall owners and developers are responding. In spots where the shopping activity has slowed, the response is clear: Move away from strictly shopping, and expand the mix to include more restaurants and entertainment, or health care and education. Or, in the case of Valley View Center, start over from scratch.

" 'Dining and entertainment is the new anchor — not Sears, not Macy's,' said Allan Davidov of Misuma Holdings, based in Beverly Hills, Calif., which is transforming two shopping centers in Austin, Tex."


New Scientist: "Fighting climate change could trigger a massive financial crash"

Link to web site

"The great crash of 2023 made the 2007 financial crisis look like a blip. It was triggered by US president Bernie Sanders signing emergency measures to slash carbon emissions. Investors started panic-selling stocks in fossil fuel companies. Trillions were wiped from the stock markets within days – and hundreds of millions of people around the world lost their pensions.

"Impossible? Not according to financial regulators, who are so concerned about the prospect of climate-related financial crashes that they are already taking action to stop them happening. They want all big organisations to start assessing and disclosing their climate-related risks.

" 'The whole point of this exercise is to avoid that kind of crash happening,' says Michael Wilkins of credit rating agency S&P Global Ratings, a member of the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures, which unveiled its guidelines last week."


Barnet Press: Brent Cross Whitefield tower blocks, flats and houses

The Independent: "China is building first 'forest city' of 40,000 trees to fight air pollution"

Link to web site

"In the wake of President Trump's decision to remove America from the Paris Climate agreement, you'd be forgiven for feeling a little negative about the future of the planet.

  "With reports of huge cracks appearing in the Antarctic ice, fears that preventing the two-degree heating of the planet might be a pipe dream, and the world's food supplies at risk - everything looks and sounds grim.

"Fortunately though, there are some good news stories on the horizon; with many of them coming from China. The country has been leading the way when it comes to 'green living' in recent years, with the government announcing it had completed construction of the world's largest floating solar farm. Now, in an attempt to curb the production of toxic gasses, the country is continuing to pave the way (so to speak) with the construction of one of the world's first 'forest cities'."


Capita tries, but the fish ain't biting: Work on the miserable Brent Cross scheme!

Principal Transport Planner - Brent Cross

Job overview
Vacancy ID: 45790
Work location UK - England - London
Office location: Barnet
Position category: Construction and Engineering
Work pattern:
Business unit: Local Government
Employment type: Permanent, Full Time
Education required: Not specified
Vacancy closing date: Jul 28 2017 [please, please, will no-one bite??]

Senior Planner - Brent Cross

Job overview
Vacancy ID: 46156
Work location UK - England - London
Office location: Barnet
Position category: Construction and Engineering
Work pattern:
Business unit: Local Government
Employment type: Permanent, Full Time
Education required: Not specified
Vacancy closing date: Jul 31 2017 [abandon hope all thee...]

[Reposted] Senior Planning Officer Job Vacancy in Barnet | Apply Now

Posted: 07 September 2012
Ref: 101371
Location: Barnet
Sector: Local Authority
Function: Officer
Discipline: Planning
Hours: Full Time
Contract Type: Permanent

Barnet is looking for a qualified planning officer with significant experience of dealing with planning applications, to assist in the delivery of an efficient and effective planning service. We are looking for an individual with varied experience within a development management role at a senior level.

You will need to:
  • Demonstrate their ability to work on their own initiative
  • Be enthusiastic, have excellent communication and organisational skills
  • Be committed to putting our customers first and be innovative and forward thinking.

Main duties and responsibilities:
  • process a wide range of planning applications including presenting cases to planning committees
  • defend council decisions at appeal
  • give professional advice in person and over the telephone to customers and colleagues
  • deal with day to day written correspondence.

If shortlisted you will be required to bring photographic ID to your interview to prove your identity.
Closing date: 5pm, 19 September 2012.

Crazy Planning Facts in Barnet:
'The Curse of Brent Cross',
and 'The Night of the Long Knives':

Formet Barnet planning big cheese
Stewart Murray
showing the Brent Cross plan to
Bob Neill MP,
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State
at the
Department of Communities and Local Government.

On 4 September 2012,
Bob's virtues were recognised, when
Mr Cameron made him the
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State
at the
Department of Communities and Local Government.

Transport Network: "Q and A: TfL's Alex Williams and the long-term future of London's transport"

"Alex Williams, director of city planning at Transport for London, talks to Transport Network about mayor Sadiq Khan's draft transport strategy, which includes proposals for per-mile road user charging"

Link to web site

"What is the feeling about the approach of the public to the strategy. Are you expecting a negative reaction to road user charging?"
"This is a comprehensive strategy for the next 25 years dealing with the feel of streets, the quality of the public transport offer, and how we need to enhance it, looking at capacity to help deliver new homes and jobs, so that a core part of the document.

"To get to that ambitious mode shift target of 80% we need to look at issues about how we manage the road network, whether you do also need to shift to a distance-based road charging system. Yes, 64% of journeys are currently made by sustainable modes - walking cycling and public transport. That has increased from 53% 15 years ago; in 2015 it was 64%. And the aim is by 2041 to get it up to 80%.

"We will have to see how the public reacts. This document has been drafted with an extensive pre consultation. Several hundred people were involved in the discussions around this document. There is an appetite to support a big shift to sustainable modes but also keep open that debate about how we manage and pay for our roads. It is worth noting this is the third Mayor's Transport Strategy. Every single one of them has had policies of road pricing. It would be completely negligent of us not to include something on that issue."


Sunday Times: Peel Holding Hammerson by its ...

"A secretive property billionaire has amassed a significant stake in Hammerson, the FTSE 100 owner of shopping centres such as Brent Cross in London and Grand Central in Birmingham.

"John Whittaker, who developed the Trafford Centre near Manchester, has built a 4.6% stake in Hammerson through his private empire Peel Holdings. The holding is worth £213m at the current share price. A source close to Whittaker said he saw the listed property sector as 'cheap' given the drop in share prices since last year's EU vote, but his move is likely to fuel speculation over long-awaited consolidation in the industry.

"Whittaker owns 27% of Hammerson's nearest rival, Intu Properties, and serves as its deputy chairman."

The Observer: "Decent homes for all… Has the social housing dream died?"

"In the wake of the Grenfell Tower tragedy, it is clear that Britain’s social housing is in crisis. As a new film looks at the legacy of Thatcher’s right-to-buy, Rowan Moore asks whether the postwar housing ideal can be revived. Below: David Harewood, Kerry Hudson and others on their experiences of council estate living"

Link to web site

"Before catastrophe hit Grenfell Tower, it had been planned to publish this feature last weekend. Then, in the immediate aftermath, it was clear that this would be the wrong thing to do, to talk about related but not-identical issues of public housing. It would have been at once too close to the news about Grenfell and not close enough. Now, although the horror is still raw and much about it is still unknown, it has also become clear that Grenfell exposes in the harshest possible way questions of the current state of social housing, about the accessibility, affordability and quality of homes, and their impact on people's lives.

"As is reported today, research by Shelter shows that a million households are at risk of homelessness unless a freeze on housing benefit is lifted.

"Absurdly, local authorities are now having to pay high rents to house people in homes the councils once owned.

"These questions, which are the subject of the new documentary Dispossession: The Great Housing Swindle, were already urgent. The election, with its upending of Conservative complacencies and old assumptions, increases the chances that the issues will be addressed with at least some of the radicalism they require. Given the newfound power of the youth vote, the group worst affected by the housing crisis, a large electoral prize awaits the party who can get this subject right. Dispossession offers few solutions, but it adds to the buildup of anger on the subject, without which nothing will change."


The Guardian: "London mayor considers pay-per-mile road pricing and ban on new parking" (during Brent Cross planning, Barnet has had an OFFICIAL policy of "roads, roads, roads and roads")

"Sadiq Khan wants to cut 3m car journeys a day and encourage cycling and walking in effort to reduce congestion and air pollution"

Link to web site

"London is to consider pay-per-mile road pricing and banning car parking in new developments under plans to cut 3m car journeys a day in the capital.

"A transport strategy to be published on Wednesday by the London mayor, Sadiq Khan, will set targets to ensure 80% of journeys are made by public transport, walking or cycling.
"As London's population is set to increase beyond 10 million, our future health and prosperity is more and more dependent on us reducing our reliance on cars.

"We have to be ambitious in changing how our city works. While there will be 5m additional journeys being made across our transport network by 2041, at the same time we're setting ourselves a bold target of reducing car journeys by 3m every day."